Nagaland has for long suffered great discomfort because of the lack of proper roads. Many of the roads that do exist can be called roads only by sight as they are not much capable of serving in terms of utility. However, things can be expected to change for the better as Central Government of India has allotted over about Rs. 1250 crore for helping the state to get a better road network. National Highways and Infrastructure Development Corporation (NHIDCL) is undertaking the state’s 4-package road development project under which around 189 kilometers of roads will be developed. NHIDCL is a fully-owned company of the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, Government of India and it is already doing useful work in some other north eastern states.

In the last fiscal year, NHIDCL was awarded 18 projects to build 600 kilometers of roads in Tripura, Assam, Meghalaya and Arunachal Pradesh. The Ministry of Road Transport & Highways issued a statement on August 14, 2015 which said that has been mandated to take up projects covering 4, 365 kilometers of highways. This project involves building bridges as well and its cost has been set at Rs. 35,000.00 crore approximately. As a company, NHIDCL performs various tasks including taking surveys, creating designs, builds roads and bridges, handling the operation of the roads, and maintaining and upgrading the roads. The roads that NHIDCL gets involved with are National Highways and Strategic Roads such as the roads located in locations which share international boundaries with neighboring countries.